What is CBD?

What is Cannabinoid Oil?

DISCLAIMER: Any information in this article and on our site is meant for educational purposes only and is not intended as advice, guidance or instruction of any kind, medical or otherwise. Any reliance placed on this information by yourself is at your own risk. We strongly suggest you consult with your primary care physician or doctor prior to using, starting or changing a CBD regimen.

No doubt you’ve already well acquainted with the hype and hoopla surrounding cannabidiol. You need to look no further than headline news or social media to see sellers pushing products, or new and exciting research results demonstrating the therapeutic potential of this “miracle compound”. 

Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, has had both its ups and downs in the spotlight. If you’ve found the topic intriguing or are wondering if CBD oil might be something you should look into for the countless ailments its touted to help with, read on.

In this guide we’ll discuss:

  • Is CBD legal – don’t be scared
  • Is it safe – what the research shows
  • Where does CBD come from and how is it made?
  • How can it (potentially) help you?

As a therapeutic aid, CBD is as versatile as it is beneficial. In fact, cannabinoid oil has been used in a variety of medical settings for a broad spectrum of use cases. From the treatment of epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease to complimenting cancer treatments and reducing pain, the potential is astounding.

CBD has also been studied and used in the treatment of a number of mental health issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and addition, among others.

Sounds exciting right? That’s because it is. If you too are interested in learning more about how this natural compound can help improve overall wellness and maybe even eliminate or mediate symptoms associated with any number of ailments, this guide is for you.

Simply put, while more research is underway, CBD may hold the promise of revolutionizing the way we approach and treat a broad range of medical conditions.

Will CBD Get You “High”

As you might know, some CBD is derived from cannabis and some from hemp. We all know that THC, the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, can get you high…so what about CBD?

Here’s the good news, CBD contains little to no THC. In the US, for example, it is required by law (for states that have not legalized marijuana) that CBD contains 0.03% or less THC, which is an entirely negligible amount. Other manufacturers may process their CBD further and claim THC levels nearing zero. Either way, you’re not getting high off CBD.

This is a good thing, meaning you can take advantage of all the benefits (such as reduced anxiety or pain relief) without the worry of negative or unwanted effects. For example, you shouldn’t take anything with THC before driving or going to work, but CBD you can.

How Does CBD Work?

The interesting thing about CBD is that our bodies already come equipped with receptors designed by nature (or God) to work flawlessly with this compound. Why that is, is something still up for scientific debate, but the fact remains that our bodies are primed for the use of CBD.

The system in our body responsible for this is called the “endocannabinoid system”, including and involves a multitude of receptors that combine with cannabinoids like puzzle pieces to elicit certain physiological and biological effects. The specific type of effect (such as reduced inflammation, pain relief, etc.), and extent of that effect, is dependent upon the type of cannabinoids taken.

CBD vs. THC – showdown of cannabinoids

Knowing that CBD comes from the cannabis plant (either from hemp or marijuana) might initially lend you to believe that its use is more recreational than medicinal. However, quite the opposite is true.

Molecular Structure Makes all the Difference

When individuals use marijuana for recreational purposes, by smoking, edibles, vaping or other means, they are doing so in large part to experience the psychoactive effects of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).

One of the reasons why CBD and THC are often thought to act in similar fashions by those not in the know is that when examined from a chemical standpoint, they look virtually identical. Meaning that they have the same molecular structure with the same number of hydrogen, carbon and oxygen atoms…but for one little, yet impactful difference.

That difference you ask? The way in which those atoms are arranged on the molecule. Remember when we said your endocannabinoid system had receptors that fit CBD and that the two together, like matching puzzle pieces fit perfectly to elicit certain effects?

The same principle applies here. That “re-arrangement” of atoms changes the shape of the puzzle piece such that when it combines with its matching “receptor”, instead of making you “high”, it elicits a whole host of other therapeutic effects.

Mainly, this means that CBD is non-psychoactive and has no chance of getting you high. But just to be safe, in case you get drug tested at work, for example, you’ll want to go with a 100% all-natural product that is lab tested for purity such as those from Rebel CBD.

Legality of CBD and THC

When comparing the two compounds we would be remiss if we sidestepped the differences as it relates to the legality of both. 

Both THC and marijuana are federally controlled substances, meaning that under federal law you are prohibited from possession, use or sale of either. That said, a growing number of states have passed their own legislation to decriminalize or make legal the use of THC and marijuana for either recreational or medical use.

Because the laws are in a constant state of flux, we suggest brushing up on local legislation and rules for the jurisdiction where you live before attempting to use or purchase THC or marijuana. 

As it relates to CBD however, so long as the CBD is derived from hemp and contains less than 0.03% THC, the compound in any form (edibles, tinctures, oils, topical creams, etc) is generally considered legal for sale, possession and use. That said, there may be some issues regarding interstate travel and traveling via airplane with these products, so best to either leave them at home or seek further legal counsel or advice before traveling long distance.

Common Uses for CBD

By now we’ve established that CBD won’t get you high. But if it’s not good for a little euphoria, what is it good for? The answer: a LOT.

Below we’ve outlined a few of the many uses for CBD:

 

Epilepsy

Medically approved for epilepsy, with the FDA approving the first ever CBD-based drug for this use. Further yet, other research shows low dose liquid CBD can get the job done as well.

Inflammation

Inflammation and Pain from Arthritis 

A study published by the European Journal of Pain and reported on by Harvard demonstrated that CBD applied topically to the skin (such as these topical CBD creams) can lower pain and inflammation associated with arthritis.

Dementia and Related Conditions such as: Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s 

In 2017 research conducted at California’s Salk Institute revealed evidence that CBD may help actually remove dementia from neurons (brain cells). While more study is needed, it is theorized that full spectrum CBD may reduce neurological inflammation and act as a brain stimulant. Other research indicates that this cannabinoid may even promote neurogenesis (the creation of new brain cells). 

Diabetes

Researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem found that CBD may suppress and perhaps even cure diabetes. Research in animal models demonstrated that the use of CBD improved immune function, sugar metabolism and heart function.

A Tool to Combat Addiction

A systematic review of evidence published in the Journal for Substance abuse and Treatment (2015), revealed that CBD may prove to be an effective treatment to fight opioid and cocaine addiction.

 

Relaxation, Rest and Sleep Aid

Between 50-70 million Americans suffer from insomnia and millions more worldwide. But CBD may hold promise for those needing to get some extra Z’s in at night, and research has demonstrated that CBD, among other cannabinoids, have the potential for treating insomnia and other sleep-related disorders.

Stress, Anxiety and Depression

With over 40 million US adults suffering from anxiety and countless millions more stressed out and depressed, CBD may be a godsend. Research in clinical studies have demonstrated this compound’s potential for reducing anxiety, alleviating symptoms of depressing and relaxing. Rebel has developed a line of CBD oils designed to calm and relax.

Other Psychiatric Problems 

Cannabidiol has been used to treat a range of other psychiatric conditions including:

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Mood swings from hormonal fluctuations and PMS
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • And more

For example, a 2018 clinical study highlighted further evidence of cannabidiol as an effective treatment for psychosis, anxiety and depression.

Just the Tip of the Iceberg

Fact is, more research needs to be done. We’re just now beginning to understand the totality of the potential this natural compound has to improve the lives of millions as a non-addictive, safe alternative or complementary therapeutic aid to traditional medicine.

Affordable and Accessible  

Unlike expensive and often inaccessible pharmaceuticals, CBD is readily available, affordable and easy to use. Coming in a range of mediums and preparations, companies such as Rebel make available topical creams, oils, capsules and even edibles like candy and gummies, making dosing a breeze.

Best of all, CBD is considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be considered generally safe for human consumption, with few if any side effects, the majority of which are mild.

How to Make CBD Oil

Ok, so you know what CBD oil is, what it does, and why many use it. You also know you can get high quality full-spectrum and specially formulated oils, edibles and topicals from reputable suppliers like Rebel.

But what if you want to make it on your own? Is there a good DIY solution? Read on to learn more about how CBD oil is made.

Up First, Whole Plant Extraction vs. Isolates Extraction

As the name suggests, “whole plan extraction” processes utilize the entire cannabis plant. This extraction process is that which is usually favored by the scientific and medical community, resulting in a full-spectrum oil that combines CBD, TCH and a host of other cannabinoids.

By contrast, isolate extraction methodology singles out and “isolates” CBD, resulting in a pure, unadulterated oil containing only one single compound.

Alcohol Extraction 

Considered to be the original extraction method used to isolate CBD, this process involves soaking the substrate (hemp) in a solvent (in this case alcohol). After a period of time (sometimes involving adding pressure), the plant material is removed. The remaining liquid is now infused with the desired compounds. From there the alcohol is evaporated and what is left is the “extract”.

*Note: modern-day extraction techniques generally replace alcohol with ethanol.

C02 Extraction

C02 extraction represents a modernized and increasingly effective method of extraction. During this process, C02 is forced throughout the plant substrate material in order to forcibly extract the oil. Both temperature and pressure will need to be tightly controlled, utilizing multiple chambers to keep cannabinoids separate and to prevent contamination. Of all the extraction methodologies, C02 extraction produces one of the highest quality results.

*Note: this process is complex, expensive on an industrial scale, and requires both advanced equipment as well as specialized skills to accomplish.

As you can see, making your own CBD isn’t the easiest of projects, and in most cases, you would be better served buying from a reputable manufacturer that guarantees potency, purity and quality.

Preparing, Diluting and Flavoring

Ok so extracting isn’t exactly a walk in the park. But while we hate to be the bearer of bad news, the extraction process is just the beginning. For those trying to make their own CBD there are a few other steps you may have to take before its ready for “show time”.

CBD by itself isn’t the most palatable, meaning you may need to include some type of additive or incorporate a dilution process in order to make it more “tolerable”. This is why you’ll rarely see pure CBD sold without some other additive, even if that additive is natural like an essential oil, mint, olive oil or other formulation.

For example, Rebel utilizes specific natural holistic herbs, flavors and ingredients in their formulations to improve both the taste and usability of their products but also to complement and enhance each product’s effectiveness for specific uses.

Dosing CBD – getting it right

Getting CBD dosages dialled in just right can, in some cases, be difficult. For example, each individual may react differently to CBD, with some needing more than others.

Factors that can impact an individual’s reaction include:

  • Age
  • Size / weight
  • Hormones
  • Endocannabinoid system
  • Severity of condition
  • Other medications or supplements taken

 

What is it being used for?

But that’s not all. Remember, CBD is used for a very large range of ailments, with each often requiring varying doses in order to have the maximal desired impact. For example, those with sleep disorders often respond better to dosing in the 40-160mg range, while those with chronic pain often respond well to 2.5-20mg daily.

Preparation / Medium 

One other factor not often discussed is the difference between how this cannabinoid is administered. For example, edibles can take longer to digest and often result in a smooth long-lasting onset of relief, whereas sublingual tinctures provide fast rapid relief and absorption into the bloodstream.

Start Slow 

No matter what your circumstance is, the best dosing protocol is that which requires the lowest amount necessary to provide the desired effects. As such, you may need to experiment. Start by following the manufacturer’s instructions on the label of your product. Pay attention to how you feel after taking the product over the next few hours.

Take notes, and review them over the first week or two to see if you feel like you may need more or less. From there, adjust as needed, lowering or increasing the dose by the smallest amount possible until you find your “sweet spot”.

Regular/Daily Dosing

Remember that chronic conditions such as anxiety may require dosing multiple time throughout the day (not to exceed recommended guidelines of the manufacturer or that prescribed by your physician).

Time to Reach Full Efficacy

While dosing may result in immediate relief for some conditions, others may require weeks or even months of use to allow your body to heal. For example, chronic inflammation may require longer term treatment to experience the full benefits.

Discuss with Your Doctor

Certain conditions, lifestyle choices, supplements and other medications may interact with your doses in a positive or negative way. As such, it's always advisable to discuss with your doctor and work with them to find the right dosing.

Common Forms of CBD

The great thing about CBD is that many manufacturers, such as Rebel, make it available in a wide range of forms to choose from, making this therapeutic aid both versatile and easy to use, dose and transport.

CBD Gummies

You’ve seen Flintstone vitamins, gummy fiber, but did you know your favorite health supplement CBD also comes in gummy form? CBD Gummies are one of the most popular ways individuals around the world choose to enjoy their CBD. 

Why? – what’s not to like…

  • Gummies are fun
  • They taste great
  • Portable and convenient
  • Snackable
  • Easy to dose with each gummy containing a small precisely measured amount of CBD

At Rebel our gummies are:

  • Tested for purity and potency (99% pure)
  • Low carb / low calorie
  • Vegan
  • Organic

Other CBD Edibles

Gummies are great, but what about other options? Similar to gummies, candy infused CBD can also be a fun, sweet, discreet and portable way to enjoy. But that’s not all, CBD oils can be used to infuse into virtually any meal, recipe, baked goods or even smoothies and drinks. Meaning no matter what your dietary restrictions, there’s bound to be a way you can incorporate this supplement into your diet.

Oils and CBD Tinctures

Tinctures and oils are among the most commonly used and available forms of this supplement on the market. Tinctures are simply formulations that contain hemp oil extracts combined with other nutrient-rich oils such as coconut oil, olive oil or others. 

The benefit of oils is that they are affordable, readily available, can be taken as is or mixed in drinks or food, and they can be formulated for specific uses and purposes.

For example, the Rebel lineup of tinctures is specifically formulated to provide certain benefits deepening on your goals.

Our line-up includes:

  • 100% Natural Wellness CBD – full spectrum formula
  • Mighty Mint – revitalizing and refocusing formula
  • Lemon Zest – energizing and invigorating formula
  • Calming Chamomile – relax and calm restorative formula
  • Luscious Lavender – Relaxing and restorative formula

Vape Juices

Vaping has really taken off in popularity as of late, with vape oils and juices being combined with everything from nicotine, to caffeine, vitamins and even CBD. For those that already enjoy vaping this medium may be appealing as a fast and convenient way to get their daily doses. For others with concerns about lung health or with breathing issues such as COPD or asthma, they might want to skip this one.

Topical Creams and Lotions 

While systemic issues and psychological issues are generally better suited to ingestion, others such as muscle or arthritis inflammation and associated pain may respond better to topical creams. CBD creams can be applied directly to the area you are experiencing issues with, providing concentrated, localized relief. Research has shown that CBD can be absorbed through the skin and has the potential to provide localized medicinal effects.

CBD Capsules and Pills 

Don’t like the taste of CBD oil? Always on the go with no time to prepare doses? Need something fast, discreet and portable? Then CBD capsules or pills might be the way to go. Capsules are safe, effective, convenient, and easy to take with you on the go. They require no additional preparation and are precisely dosed.

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